Tag Archives: Tx power levels

Finding Cisco Tx Power Levels

Tx Power Level is an important variable that, in combination with antenna gain, influences coverage patterns. Cisco wireless controller dynamically adjusts transmit power levels according to current RF conditions, access point’s capabilities and local regulatory domain recommendations, that may vary per band and/or channel. We, as an engineers, should be capable to confirm current Tx Power level, list of all supported Tx Power levels and antenna gain (if applicable). No coverage or heatmap approximations can be made without this information. With this post I will provide a number of different useful CLI commands that may be used to quickly find Tx Power levels information per-AP and in bulk. Read more …

PoE-based access points Tx power level limitations

I recently noticed that Cisco AP 1142 Tx power level is not a constant value. It is dependent on a data rate in use.
Less words, here’s an example of “show controllers dot11Radio” taken from Cisco AIR-LAP1142N-E-K9:

interface Dot11Radio0
Radio AIR-AP1140G, Base Address b4a4.e3ca.f130, BBlock version 0.00, Software version 3.00.81
Serial number: <cut>
Number of supported simultaneous BSSID on Dot11Radio0: 16
Carrier Set: EMEA (EU) (-E)
Uniform Spreading Required: No
Configured Frequency: 2462 MHz Channel 11
Allowed Frequencies: 2412(1) 2417(2) 2422(3) 2427(4) 2432(5) 2437(6) 2442(7) 2447(8) 2452(9) 2457(10) 2462(11) 2467(12) 2472(13)
Listen Frequencies: 2412(1) 2417(2) 2422(3) 2427(4) 2432(5) 2437(6) 2442(7) 2447(8) 2452(9) 2457(10) 2462(11) 2467(12) 2472(13) 2484(14)
Beacon Flags: 0, Interface Flags 20105, Interface Events 0, Mode 9; Beacons are enabled; Probes are enabled
Configured Power: 17 dBm (level 1)
Active power levels by rate
1.0 to 11.0 , 16 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
6.0 to 48.0 , 13 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
54.0 to 54.0 , 11 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
6.0-bf to 54.0-b, 10 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m0. to m5. , 13 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m6. to m6. , 11 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m7. to m7. , 10 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m8. to m13. , 13 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m14. to m14. , 11 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m15. to m15. , 10 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m0.-4 to m5.-4 , 13 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m6.-4 to m6.-4 , 11 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m7.-4 to m7.-4 , 10 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m8.-4 to m13.-4, 13 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m14.-4 to m14.-4, 11 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
m15.-4 to m15.-4, 10 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
6.0-d to 48.0-d, 13 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
54.0-d to 54.0-d, 11 dBm, changed due to regulatory maximum
OffChnl Power: 16, Rate 1.0
Allowed Power Levels: -1 2 5 8 11 14 17
Allowed Client Power Levels: 2 5 8 11 14 17

Why is it like this? Why higher data rates have lower Tx power levels? These were my questions too. Read more …